What Are The 10 Complications Of Malaria?

What are some complications of malaria?

Other complications of a severe case of malaria can include:breathing problems (such as fluid in your lungs)liver failure and jaundice (a yellow discolouration of the skin)shock (sudden drop in blood flow)spontaneous bleeding.abnormally low blood sugar.kidney failure.swelling and rupturing of the spleen.dehydration..

What type of malaria affects the brain?

Cerebral malaria is the most severe neurological complication of infection with Plasmodium falciparum malaria. It is a clinical syndrome characterized by coma and asexual forms of the parasite on peripheral blood smears.

How is malaria passed on?

How is malaria transmitted? Usually, people get malaria by being bitten by an infective female Anopheles mosquito. Only Anopheles mosquitoes can transmit malaria and they must have been infected through a previous blood meal taken from an infected person.

What are the long term effects of malaria?

If malaria is left untreated, it could result in anemia, jaundice, mental confusion, kidney failure, a coma, seizures and even death.

Why sickle cell carriers are resistant to malaria?

Sickle cells infected with Plasmodium falciparum (green) collapse and prevent the parasite from interfering with the cell’s actin proteins, protecting the host against malaria.

Is malaria a virus?

A: Malaria is not caused by a virus or bacteria. Malaria is caused by a parasite known as Plasmodium, which is normally spread through infected mosquitoes. A mosquito takes a blood meal from an infected human, taking in Plasmodia which are in the blood.

What are the signs and symptoms of severe malaria?

The manifestations of severe malaria include the following:Cerebral malaria, with abnormal behavior, impairment of consciousness, seizures, coma, or other neurologic abnormalities.Severe anemia due to hemolysis (destruction of the red blood cells)Hemoglobinuria (hemoglobin in the urine) due to hemolysis.More items…

What is the ring stage of malaria?

The ring stage trophozoites mature into schizonts, which rupture releasing merozoites . Some parasites differentiate into sexual erythrocytic stages (gametocytes) . Blood stage parasites are responsible for the clinical manifestations of the disease.

How long does it take to recover from severe malaria?

In general, it takes about two weeks of treatment to be cured of malaria. However, in some individuals, relapses are possible. The time period from initial parasite infection to the appearance of symptoms varies according to the particular species of Plasmodium that infects an individual.

What is the deadliest form of malaria?

Plasmodium falciparumPlasmodium falciparum is a unicellular protozoan parasite of humans, and the deadliest species of Plasmodium that causes malaria in humans. The parasite is transmitted through the bite of a female Anopheles mosquito and causes the disease’s most dangerous form, falciparum malaria.

Which part of body is damaged by malaria?

Malaria can cause your kidneys or liver to fail, or your spleen to rupture. Any of these conditions can be life-threatening. Anemia. Malaria damages red blood cells, which can result in anemia.

What is the best treatment for malaria?

The most common antimalarial drugs include:Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs). ACTs are, in many cases, the first line treatment for malaria. There are several different types of ACTs. … Chloroquine phosphate. Chloroquine is the preferred treatment for any parasite that is sensitive to the drug.

What are the 5 types of malaria?

Five species of Plasmodium (single-celled parasites) can infect humans and cause illness:Plasmodium falciparum (or P. falciparum)Plasmodium malariae (or P. malariae)Plasmodium vivax (or P. vivax)Plasmodium ovale (or P. ovale)Plasmodium knowlesi (or P. knowlesi)

Can malaria damage the brain?

In rare cases, malaria can affect the brain. This is known as cerebral malaria, which can cause your brain to swell, sometimes leading to permanent brain damage. It can also cause fits (seizures) or coma.

Can malaria make you crazy?

Many such patients were diagnosed with malaria only some time later at the onset of fever, or when their symptoms progressed to coma. These reports described a common prodrome of hallucinations, anxiety, crying, violence, agitation, and a dreamy and confusional state [13].

What are the symptoms of complicated malaria?

Major severe malaria symptoms observed were prostration, and severe anemia, in combination with other symptoms including persistent vomiting, hyperpyrexia, and hypoglycemia. However, none had signs of confusion, coma, hemoglobinuria or discoloration of urine and hypotension (Table 3).

What is a Merozoite?

: a sporozoan trophozoite produced by schizogony that is capable of initiating a new sexual or asexual cycle of development.